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Recruitment agency in Tunisiaشركة توظيف في تونس

Time in Tunisia

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Recruitment agency in Tunisia

Recruitment agency in Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia

النشيد الوطني حماة الحمى

Tunisia

Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎ ), officially the Tunisian Republic or the Republic of Tunisia (Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية‎ ) is the northernmost country in Africa, covering 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi). Its northernmost point, Ras ben Sakka, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia’s population was estimated to be just under 10.8 million in 2013. Tunisia’s name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on Tunisia’s northeast coast.

Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country’s land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) of coastline includes the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, features the African mainland’s second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.

Tunisia is the only democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union and is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and obtained the status of Major non-NATO ally. In addition, Tunisia is also a state party the principal world’s institutions such as the United Nations or the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe – in particular with France and with Italy – have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.

In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A rival to Greece that almost destroyed Rome in the Second Punic War, Carthage was eventually defeated by the Romans in the Battle of Carthage of 149 BC. Romans brought Christianity and architecture to Tunisia, including the El Djem amphitheater. Tunisia was conquered by Arabs in the first century of Islam, followed by the Ottomans between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French conquest of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014,and for President on 23 November 2014.

Education in Tunisia

Since gaining independence from the French in 1956, Tunisian education sector has shown great progress. The government of Tunisia has focused on developing an education system which produces a solid human capital base that could respond to the changing needs of a developing nation. Sustained structural reform efforts since the early 1990s,prudent macroeconomic policies, and deeper trade integration in the global economy have created an enabling environment for growth .This environment has been conducive to attain positive achievements in the education sector which placed Tunisia ahead of countries with similar income levels, and in a good position to achieve MDGs.1 According to the HDI 2007, Tunisia is ranked 90 out of 182 countries and is ranked 4th in MENA region just below Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Education is the number one priority of the government of Tunisia, with more than 20 percent of government’s budget allocated for education in 2005/06.2As of 2006 the public education expenditure as a percentage of GDP stood at 7 percent.

Education Sector Reforms

Tunisian education system was built on the French model, therefore, the focus of the education reformers was to Arabize curriculum and faculty at nation’s schools and universities. Tunisia adopted a phased approach towards Arabization . Given the number of Francophone nationals and the absence of qualified Arabized teachers to teach scientific subjects, policy makers maintained French both as foreign language and as a medium of instruction for math and science in primary education. Humanities and social sciences were Arabized incrementally, initially in primary and subsequently in secondary education. In the 1970s, the decision was made to extend Arabization to all subjects in post-primary education, except vocational, professional, and technical tracks. At the university level French was maintained as the language of instruction in technical institutes and science faculties.4 There have also been several other reforms since independence to further improve the education system at all levels: 1)Education is an important Law that actually passed in 1958 emphasized technical and vocational education, and the training of a new breed of educators who are qualified to teach the new curriculum emphasizing Arabic language, literature, Islamic thought and history and geography of the Tunisian and North African region.5 2)Then a Higher Education Law was passed that placed all government recognized institutions of higher learning and scientific research under the umbrella of University of Tunis, an institute that was established in 1960, by incorporating several existing higher schools and institutes.6 3)In the academic year of 1990-91, the New Education Act introduced an increased length of instruction at the primary and secondary levels from 12 to a total of 13 years. It also made it mandatory for students of ages between 6–16 years of age to attain basic education training.7 4)Tunisia introduced competency-based approach in school curriculum in 2000, and revised textbooks accordingly.8 5) The 2002 Education Act emphasized the importance of ICT in the education sector.9

Education System

The academic year runs from September to June and examinations are held in late June or early July.

Basic Education

Enseignement de base consists of nine years of school education, and is divided into two distinct stages: 6 years of primary and 3 years of preparatory education (lower secondary). At the end of 9 years students sit for examen national de fin d’études de l’enseignement de base, success in which leads to the Diplôme de Fin d’Études de l’Enseignement. Students are required to score above 50 percent at the end of sixth grade to progress to the lower secondary level. Although there is a high percentage of students who fail the important grade 6 examinations. Now due to government efforts, the number of students who have to repeat grade 6 is decreasing. In 1991-92, 26 percent of students had to repeat grade 6 .But in 1999-2000 that number has dropped to 18 percent.15 The drop out rate at the primary level is 6 percent and it halved from the drop out percentage of 12 percent in 2000.The gross enrollment ratio at primary and secondary is greater than 1 which shows that more girls than boys are enrolled at these two education levels. The share of private enrollment at primary level has been slowly increasing from 0.7 percent in 2000 to 0.9 percent in 2003 and in 2007 the private enrollment share was 1.4 percent.16 The gross enrollment ratio at lower secondary level in 2007 stood at 113 percent, a jump of about 7 percentage points from the GER in 2006.17 Also at the beginning of the 2007/208 school year, 9 pilot middle schools were launched to offer gifted students early care that will allow them to pursue their studies in pilot schools in scientific, literary and art fields, with competent and experienced teachers.18

Secondary (upper) education

The four years of secondary education are open to all holders of Diplôme de Fin d’Etudes de l’Enseignement de Base where the students focus on entering university level or join the workforce after completion. The Enseignement secondaire is divided into two stages: general academic and specialized. In the academic stream all students follow a common curriculum for one year after which they choose one of the five specializations from: language arts, sciences, and economics and management in case the student is specializing in science at the end of the second year he must choose again but this time between math,experimental sciences, computer sciences or technical sciences . The language of instruction in technical, scientific and mathematics fields is French. At the end of the fourth year of secondary studies students take Examen National du Baccalauréat. Students are tested on average on six subjects. Those students who complete the secondary cycle, but fail the baccalaureate are awarded a certificate of completion that can later be used for entry into the workforce or for entry to further studies in a private school. In 1995 42.5 percent of baccalaureate takers were successful. However, Tunisia has been appearing in TIMSS since 1999 and has been one of the top performing countries in the Arab region. In 2007, Tunisia ranked second in mathematics and third in science in all of Arab countries appearing in TIMSS ,with scores 420 and 445 respectively.19 The gender parity index of gross enrollment ratio at the secondary level was 1.1 percent in 2006, implying higher female enrollment than male enrollment at the secondary level.20

Technical and Vocational Track

Professional and vocational programs are administered by the Ministry of Employment, and in more specific disciplines by individual ministries such as agriculture and tourism. Students can opt to enroll in a two-year vocational program leading to the award of dice the Certificat d’Aptitude Professionnelle. These students who have completed the first two years of secondary education may enroll in two-year vocational programs leading to the award of the Brevet de Technicien Professionnel, which in turn gives access to two-year Brevet de Technicien Supérieur programs.21 The enrollment in TVET at the secondary level has also been rising since 2004.The current(2007) enrollment ratio in TVET is almost 10 percent, with a higher percentage of males enrolled in these programs.22

Higher education

The higher education system in Tunisia has experienced a rapid expansion and the number of students has more than tripled over the past 10 years from approximately 102,000 in 1995 to 365,000 in 2005.The gross enrollment rate at the tertiary level in 2007 was 31 percent, with gender parity index of GER of 1.5. The private university system in Tunisia, accounting for about one percent of students, remains small because the regulatory environment does not encourage foreign investment or the use of part-time teachers in private universities.23 In Tunisia in 2005–2006, there were 178 public institutions of higher education among which there were 13 universities, 24 higher institutes of technological studies and six higher institutes of teachers’ training. The Higher Education Ministry (HEM) supervises 155 institutions and 23 are under the co-supervision of the HEM and other ministries. In addition HEM recognizes 20 university-level private institutions.24 The public university system is virtually free and student loans are not available for students enrolled in a private university, making it difficult for private universities to attract students who cannot afford to pay the fees. During the last decade, in addition to creating seven new universities, the Government of Tunisia (GOT) has made progress in i)in improving the internal efficiency of programs and pass rates in applied science programs and selected short-term programs such as at the higher institutes of technology (Instituts supérieurs des études technologiques) (ZSETS) (ii)introducing shorter term professional programs with more relevance; and(iii)granting greater autonomy to universities to give them the flexibility to respond to the changing environment and adapt academic programs to the needs of the economy.25 Access to post secondary education is guaranteed to all students holding the Diploma zdu Baccalaureat. The admission process is centrally controlled through the national university orientation system. Although this centralized system has been criticizedby whom? for its rigidity as it leaves students unsatisfied by the disciplines they have been placed in. The pass rate of the Baccalaureate is not very high in Tunisia. On average 60 percent of students fail the baccalaureate each year. Recently since 2005–06, the government has been trying to implement reform that is based on the European three-tier model of bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees.This reform is known as LCD:licence (three years) master’s (two-years), doctorate(five years). The new academic cr hour system is meant to give students greater flexibility in designing their study tracks, while allowing them to earn and transfer crs between institutions both domestically and internationally.26 At the university level the first cycle of studies in the academic stream is of two years, which leads to the award of Diploma d’Etudes Universitaires du Premier Cycle. This first degree is regarded as a preparatory one. Then in most other fields, the second cycle leads to the award of Maitrise, which is considered the first degree in Tunisian university system. Later the Diplome d’Etudes Approfondies (DEA) is awarded to Maitrise holders after a further two-year study and the preparation and defense of a thesis. DEA is also a prerequisite for entry into a doctoral program.27 Despite this progress, however, numerous challenges remain, as student enrollments in public universities are projected to increase by about 6.6 percent annually, reaching approximately 470,000 (all categories) in 2010, while at the same time, the quality and relevance of education are in need of updating. At 2 percent of GDP, public spending on higher education is already higher than in most countries in the world. Unemployment among university graduates is increasing and the employability of graduates in modern, export-oriented sectors is weak. Mechanisms and incentives to promote quality at the university level are for the most part inadequate and universities cannot fully exercise the autonomy that will help them to better respond to the changes in the labor markets and requirements of a global economy. In sum, due to the projected increase in enrollment, the GOT is faced with a challenge of meeting public demand for higher education in an equitable way, and improving quality in a cost-efficient manner, while responding to existing and new labor market needs.28

Virtual University of Tunis

It was established as a government initiative in 2003, and it now provides 20 percent of the courses through e-learning. It does not cover all specialties but it does award diplomas and certificates. There are 207 modules, representing more than 8,000 hours, that are ready for use. The university currently has 10 functional access centers, and by 2009 there will be 200.30

Adult Education

The Tunisian government introduced the National Program for Adult Literacy (PNEA) in April 2000. It is supervised by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Solidarity. To support this program various civil society organizations and NGO’s have contributed immensely to ensure that adults could gain skills useful in the current job market. For example, in 2006-2007, 5000 young people aged below 30, 40 of whom women, took part in introductory vocational training courses     Tourism Main article: Tourism in Tunisia Among Tunisia’s tourist attractions are its cosmopolitan capital city of Tunis, the ancient ruins of Carthage, the Muslim and Jewish quarters of Jerba, and coastal resorts outside of Monastir. According to The New York Times, Tunisia is “known for its golden beaches, sunny weather and affordable luxuries.” 102 Energy   Sources of electricity production in Tunisia103 Thermal steam (44%) Combined Cycle (43%) Gas turbine (11%) Wind, Hydroelectric, Solar (2%) The majority of the electricity used in Tunisia is produced locally, by state-owned company STEG (Société Tunisienne de l’Electricité et du Gaz). In 2008, a total of 13,747 GWh was produced in the country.104 Oil production of Tunisia is about 97,600 barrels per day (15,520 m3/d). The main field is El Bourma.105 Oil production began in 1966 in Tunisia. Currently there are 12 oil fields.106 Tunisia had plans for two nuclear power stations, to be operational by 2019. Both facilities are projected to produce 900–1000MW. France is set to become an important partner in Tunisia’s nuclear power plans, having signed an agreement, along with other partners, to deliver training and technology.107108 As of 2015, Tunisia has abandoned these plans. Instead, Tunisia is considering other options to diversify its energy mix, such as renewable energies, coal, shale gas, liquified natural gas and constructing a submarine power interconnection with Italy.109 According to the Tunisian Solar Plan (which is Tunisia’s Renewable Energy Strategy not limited to solar, contrary to what its title may suggest, proposed by the National Agency for Energy Conservation), Tunisia’s objective is to reach a share of 30% of renewable energies in the electricity mix by 2030, most of which should be accounted for by wind power and photovoltaics.110 As of 2015, Tunisia had a total renewable capacity of 312 MW (245 MW wind, 62 MW hydropower, 15 MW photovoltaics.)111112 Transport Main article: Transport in Tunisia The country maintains 19,232 kilometres (11,950 mi) of roads,92 with three highways: A1 Tunis-Sfax (works ongoing for Sfax-Libya), A3 Tunis-Beja (works ongoing Beja – Boussalem, studies ongoing Boussalem – Algeria) and A4 Tunis – Bizerte. There are 29 airports in Tunisia, with Tunis Carthage International Airport andDjerba–Zarzis International Airport being the most important ones. A new airport, Enfidha – Hammamet International Airport, was completed at the end of October 2009 but was delayed in opening and did not open fully until 2011. The airport is located north of Sousse at Enfidha and is to mainly serve the resorts of Hamammet and Port El Kantaoui, together with inland cities such as Kairouan. Five airlines are headquartered in Tunisia: Tunisair, Syphax airlines, Karthago Airlines, Nouvelair, andTunisair Express. The railway network is operated by SNCFT and amounts to 2,135 kilometres (1,327 mi) in total.92 The Tunis area is served by a Light rail network named Metro Leger which is managed by Transtu.

Rank Name Rank Name
1 Ariana 13 Manouba
2 Beja 14 Medenine
3 Ben Arous 15 Monastir
4 Bizerte 16 Nabeul
5 Gabès 17 Sfax
6 Gafsa 18 Sidi Bou Zid
7 Jendouba 19 Siliana
8 Kairouan 20 Sousse
9 Kasserine 21 Tataouine
10 Kebili 22 Tozeur
11 Kef 23 Tunis
12 Mahdia 24 Zaghouan

Tunisian Required Nationality


Tunisian

Gulf

Posted 2 weeks ago

Flight attendant cabin crew recruitment in Tunisia LOOKING TO GIVE YOUR CAREER WINGS ? Do you possess superior interpersonal skills? Are you a team player? If your answer is YES, then, this is your chance to reach for the skies with One of the Gulf airlines. To be considered for this opportunity, you need to ...

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Salon Supervisor Doha Qatar We are currently looking for an experienced Salon Manager to launch and pre-open a new salon in a four star hotel in Doha to head up the team in this truly stunning Hair and Beauty Salon. RESPONSIBILITIES  You will be responsible for the effective and efficient operations of the salon ...

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HOTEL OPERATIONS MANAGER DOHA QATAR -Hotel Operations Manager (QAR 8,000 – 16,000) Description  Support and work with all Head of Departments in all aspect of running Hotel.  Ensure the premises are in operative condition as per category of the unit to receive and serve the guest.  Conduct regular operations team meeting with ...

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مطلوب لمركز تجاري في السعودية Safety Manager –          Must be Electrical or Mechanical Engineer –          Having Experience in Fire Alarm or Fire Fighting as review the design. –          Age must less than 45 years old –          Having experience for more than 5 years in Mall Safety Management الراتب 6500 دينار تونسي على الراغبين في المشاركة  ارسال السيرة الذاتية باللغة ...

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مطلوب لسلسلة مطاعم عالمية في السعودية التالي   Head Chef Sous Chef/ Assistance Chef Pastry Chef Pantry Chef الرواتب بين 3600  الى 7000 دينار تونسي على الراغبين في المشاركة  ارسال السيرة الذاتية باللغة الانجليزية مع صورة شخصية حديثة وذكر المنصب المطلوب في العنوان الى البريد التالي cv@tunisianhr.com or contact us 71906002 / 50509986 / 50503836

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Tunisian

Qatar

Posted 9 months ago

Company In Qatar need  AC Technicians Air conditioning technicians work in industrial, commercial and residential settings installing, repairing and maintaining HVAC systems. These positions require only a high school diploma, but we prefer those who have completed a training program or apprenticeship. Certification and licensure may be required in this field for 3 years’ experience ...

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Tunisian

Qatar

Posted 9 months ago

Company In Qatar need  HVAC Technician HVAC Technician : required 5 (see brief job specifications and requirements) HVAC technicians typically do the following:   Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers. —often referred to as HVAC technicians —work on heating, ventilation, cooling, and refrigeration systems that control the air quality in many types of ...

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Morrocan, Tunisian

Gulf

Posted 9 months ago

Flight attendant cabin crew recruitment in Tunisia & Morocco   LOOKING TO GIVE YOUR CAREER WINGS ? Do you possess superior interpersonal skills? Are you a team player? If your answer is YES, then, this is your chance to reach for the skies with One of the Gulf airlines. To be considered for this opportunity, ...

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 الوظيفة   : موظف موارد بشرية العدد المطلوب : 5 الشروط : حاصل على بكالوريوس/ مؤهل عالي.     خبرة لا تقل عن 5 سنوات فى نفس المجال.     إجادة استخدام برامج الكمبيوتر.     إجادة تامة للغة الإنجليزية. الراتب يبدأ من  4,000  ريال قطري المرجو إرسال السيرة الذاتية باللغة الانجليزية مع ذكر الوظيفة المطلوبة في عنوان البريد إلى cv@tunisianhr.com Write in ...

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Outdoor-Sales Staff to Qatar:  Self-motivated and comfortable working with little to no direction. Excellent interpersonal communication skills. Generate sales reports each week and submitting them to his direct reportorial. Utilize all available resources to reach out to prospects and attempt to turn those prospects into customers. Collaborate with the management team to improve marketing materials ...

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Indoor-Sales Staff:  –with relevant background in sales of Electronic products and having the skills how to deal and to convince the client with the product. -able to sell retail products, goods and services to customers. -work with customers to find what they want, create solutions and ensure a smooth sales process. –will work to find new sales leads, through business directories, ...

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